Star Wars The Force Awakens Trailer #1 Released - jeu, 29/01/2015 - 23:30
Catégories: News

Libreboot X200 laptop now FSF-certified to respect your freedom

Free Software Foundation - jeu, 29/01/2015 - 23:25

This is the second Libreboot laptop from Gluglug (a project of Minifree, Ltd.) to achieve RYF certification, the first being the Libreboot X60 in December 2013. The Libreboot X200 offers many improvements over the Libreboot X60, including a faster CPU, faster graphics, 64-bit GNU/Linux support (on all models), support for more RAM, higher screen resolution, and more. The Libreboot X200 can be purchased from Gluglug at

The Libreboot X200 is a refurbished and updated laptop based on the Lenovo ThinkPad X200. In order to produce a laptop that achieved the Free Software Foundation's certification guidelines, the developers at Gluglug had to replace the low-level firmware as well as the operating system. Microsoft Windows was replaced with the FSF-endorsed Trisquel GNU/Linux operating system, which includes the GNOME 3 desktop environment. The free software boot system of Libreboot and the GNU GRUB 2 bootloader were adapted to replace the stock proprietary firmware, which included a BIOS, Intel's Management Engine system, and Intel's Active Management Technology (AMT) firmware.

The FSF has previously written about Intel's ME and AMT, calling attention to how this proprietary software introduces a fundamental security flaw -- a back door -- into a person's machine that allows a perpetrator to remotely access the computer over a network. It enables powering the computer on and off, configuring and upgrading the BIOS, wiping the hard drives, reinstalling the operating system, and more. While there is a BIOS option to ostensibly disable AMT, because the BIOS itself is proprietary, the user has no means to verify whether this is sufficient. The functionality provided by the ME/AMT could be a very useful security and recovery measure, but only if the user has control over the software and the ability to install modified versions of it.

"The ME and its extension, AMT, are serious security issues on modern Intel hardware and one of the main obstacles preventing most Intel based systems from being liberated by users. On most systems, it is extremely difficult to remove, and nearly impossible to replace. Libreboot X200 is the first system where it has actually been removed, permanently," said Gluglug Founder and CEO, Francis Rowe.

"This is a huge accomplishment, but unfortunately, it is not known if the work they have done to remove the ME and AMT from this device will be applicable to newer Intel-based laptops. It is incredibly frustrating to think that free software developers may have to invest even more time and energy into figuring out how to simply remove proprietary firmware without rendering the hardware nonfunctional. On top of that, the firmware in question poses a serious security threat to its users -- and the organizations who employ them. We call on Intel to work with us to enable removal of ME and AMT for users who don't want it on their machines," said FSF's executive director, John Sullivan.

In order to remove the ME, AMT, and other proprietary firmware from the laptop, the Libreboot developers had to first reverse engineer Intel's firmware. They then created a small software utility to produce a free firmware image that conforms to Intel's specifications. Finally, to install their firmware on the device, they used special hardware (an SPI flasher) that they directly connected to a small chip on the motherboard itself. After many months of work, the Libreboot developers managed to completely overwrite the proprietary firmware with Libreboot and GNU GRUB 2. Those who purchase a Libreboot X200 from Gluglug will receive a laptop that has had all of this work already done to it and will be able to update or install new firmware to their device without needing to make use of any special hardware or complicated procedures.

To learn more about the Respects Your Freedom hardware certification, including details on the certification of the Libreboot X200, visit Hardware sellers interested in applying for certification can consult

Subscribers to the FSF's Free Software Supporter newsletter will receive announcements about future Respects Your Freedom products.

About the Free Software Foundation

The Free Software Foundation, founded in 1985, is dedicated to promoting computer users' right to use, study, copy, modify, and redistribute computer programs. The FSF promotes the development and use of free (as in freedom) software -- particularly the GNU operating system and its GNU/Linux variants -- and free documentation for free software. The FSF also helps to spread awareness of the ethical and political issues of freedom in the use of software, and its Web sites, located at and, are an important source of information about GNU/Linux. Donations to support the FSF's work can be made at Its headquarters are in Boston, MA, USA.

More information about the FSF, as well as important information for journalists and publishers, is at

About Gluglug and Minifree, Ltd

Francis Rowe is the Founder and CEO of Minifree Ltd in the UK, which owns and operates Gluglug, a project to promote adoption of free software globally. To purchase products sold by Gluglug, visit

Media Contacts

Joshua Gay
Licensing & Compliance Manager
Free Software Foundation
+1 (617) 542 5942

Francis Rowe
Founder & CEO

Catégories: News

The best open-source office suite, LibreOffice 4.4, gets new release

ZDNet Open Source - jeu, 29/01/2015 - 21:30
The top open-source office suite offers a new, improved version with better Microsoft Office file format compatibility.
Catégories: News

Android 5.0 Lollipop Released - mer, 28/01/2015 - 22:00
From the Sucker dept.:
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Catégories: News

Dell offers new Ubuntu Linux workstation laptop

ZDNet Open Source - mer, 28/01/2015 - 21:20
Dell is continuing to support Linux developers with new Linux-powered laptops.
Catégories: News

GHOST, a critical Linux security hole, is revealed

ZDNet Open Source - mar, 27/01/2015 - 21:33
This security hole, which impacts many older versions of Linux and some current ones, should be patched as soon as possible.
Catégories: News

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ZDNet Open Source - lun, 26/01/2015 - 21:04
Microsoft loves Linux, is adopting Docker for its servers, and just bought Revolution Analytics, the biggest open-source R statistical language company. This is not your dad's Microsoft.
Catégories: News

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ZDNet Open Source - jeu, 22/01/2015 - 20:47
The Librem 15 Linux laptop has surpassed the $250-thousand goal it needed to launch.
Catégories: News

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ZDNet Open Source - mer, 21/01/2015 - 18:11
The Linux Foundation is offering a new self-paced class to help you get ready for the Linux Foundation Certified System Administrator exam.
Catégories: News

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ZDNet Open Source - mar, 20/01/2015 - 14:53
A little confused about what's what with Cloud Foundry, OpenStack and Mesos? Let the Linux Foundation help you with its new guide to open-source cloud technologies.
Catégories: News

Ubuntu 14.10 'Utopic Unicorn' Released With Ambitious Name, But Small Changes - lun, 19/01/2015 - 18:00
From the Unicorn dept.:
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Jane Silber, CEO of Canonical comments; “The continued development and quality of Ubuntu on the desktop is creating more demand from government, education, business, developers and consumers alike. Downloads of Ubuntu are consistently strong and we are experiencing rapid growth of our OEM business.”
Catégories: News

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Catégories: News

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ZDNet Open Source - ven, 16/01/2015 - 21:01
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Catégories: News

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ZDNet Open Source - lun, 12/01/2015 - 18:46
Can software code, and application programming interfaces in particular, be copyrighted? That is the question.
Catégories: News

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ZDNet Open Source - jeu, 08/01/2015 - 03:13
The latest Google Play Store operating systems results are in and after six weeks out Lollipop hasn't even reached 0.1 percent of users yet.
Catégories: News

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ZDNet Open Source - mer, 07/01/2015 - 15:25
It's easy to get devices to talk to each other or to the Internet. Managing them, however, is another kettle of fish. AllSeen Alliance just might have open-sourced the answer.
Catégories: News

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ZDNet Open Source - mar, 06/01/2015 - 04:04
All those new Smart and 4K TVs you're seeing at CES? Almost all of them have Linux in one form or the other powering them up.
Catégories: News

​CES 2015: Acer introduces first 15.6-inch display Chromebook

ZDNet Open Source - sam, 03/01/2015 - 23:57
Acer introduces big and sturdy Chromebook at CES.
Catégories: News

Shellshock Patches Not Enough - jeu, 25/12/2014 - 01:30
From the It's only just begun... dept.:
The Shellshock vulnerability in the commonly used Bash command line interpreter shell is likely to require more patches, as security researchers continue to unearth further problems in the code.

Google security researcher Michal "lcamtuf" Zalewski has disclosed to iTnews that over the past two days he has discovered two previously unaddressed issues in the Bash function parser, one of which is as bad as the original Shellshock vulnerability.
Catégories: News

​Linux and open source 2014: It was the best of years, it was the worst of years

ZDNet Open Source - mer, 24/12/2014 - 23:42
There was great news and there was awful news in the world of Linux and open-source software during 2014.
Catégories: News
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